There can be no greater error than to expect or calculate upon real favors from nation to nation. The impressions with which I first undertook the arduous trust were explained on the proper occasion. Hence, likewise, they will avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty.
The Address opened by offering Washington's rationale for deciding to leave office and expressed mild regret at not having been able to step down after his first term. It leads also to concessions to the favorite nation of privileges denied to others which is apt doubly to injure the nation making the concessions; by unnecessarily parting with what ought to have been retained, and by exciting jealousy, ill-will, and a disposition to retaliate, in the parties from whom Geor washington fareware address privileges are withheld.
For this you have every inducement of sympathy and interest. I shall also carry Geor washington fareware address me the hope that my country will never cease to view them with indulgence, and that, after forty-five years of my life dedicated to its service with an upright zeal, the faults of incompetent abilities will be consigned to oblivion, as myself must soon be to the mansions of rest.
Such an attachment of a small or weak towards a great and powerful nation dooms the former to be the satellite of the latter. Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally.
The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the powers of all the departments in one, and thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism. In the execution of such a plan, nothing is more essential than that permanent, inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments for others, should be excluded; and that, in place of them, just and amicable feelings towards all should be cultivated.
The impressions with which I first undertook the arduous trust were explained on the proper occasion. As avenues to foreign influence in innumerable ways, such attachments are particularly alarming to the truly enlightened and independent patriot. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith.
You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together. Washington had striven to remain neutral during a conflict between Britain and France brought about by the French Revolutionwhile the Democratic-Republicans had made efforts to align with France and the Federalists had made efforts to ally with Great Britain.
A volume could not trace all their connections with private and public felicity.
I constantly hoped that it would have been much earlier in my power, consistently with motives which I was not at liberty to disregard, to return to that retirement from which I had been reluctantly drawn.
Whatever they may be, I fervently beseech the Almighty to avert or mitigate the evils to which they may tend. Justice and humanity required him to remain neutral during the conflict, he argues, and the neutrality was also necessary to allow the new government a chance to mature and gain enough strength to control its own affairs.
The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the office to which your suffrages have twice called me have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opinion of duty and to a deference for what appeared to be your desire.
The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation derived from local discriminations.
But Hamilton thought the major draft the better. The duty of holding a neutral conduct may be inferred, without anything more, from the obligation which justice and humanity impose on every nation, in cases in which it is free to act, to maintain inviolate the relations of peace and amity towards other nations.
I beg you at the same time to do me the justice to be assured, that this resolution has not been taken, without a strict regard to all the considerations appertaining to the relation which binds a dutiful citizen to his country; and that in withdrawing the tender of service, which silence in my situation might imply, I am influenced by no diminution of zeal for your future interest, no deficiency of grateful respect for your past kindness, but am supported by a full conviction that the step is compatible with both.
At these times, he argues, it is necessary for the people to cooperate by paying taxes created to cover these precautionary expenses.
The rule, indeed, extends with more or less force to every species of free government. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. The experiment, at least, is recommended by every sentiment which ennobles human nature. They serve to organize faction, to give it an artificial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the delegated will of the nation the will of a party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community; and, according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public administration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of faction, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans digested by common counsels and modified by mutual interests.
But these considerations, however powerfully they address themselves to your sensibility, are greatly outweighed by those which apply more immediately to your interest. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens.
The experiment, at least, is recommended by every sentiment which ennobles human nature. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns.
It is a slave to its animosity or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its duty and its interest. There is an opinion that parties in free countries are useful checks upon the administration of the government and serve to keep alive the spirit of liberty.
But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism. The execution of these maxims belongs to your representatives, but it is necessary that public opinion should co-operate.
Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns. The inhabitants of our Western country have lately had a useful lesson on this head.
Here, perhaps, I ought to stop. Unlike the end of his previous term, now Washington explained, "choice and prudence invite me to quit the political scene, patriotism does not forbid it.
Relying on its kindness in this as in other things, and actuated by that fervent love towards it, which is so natural to a man who views in it the native soil of himself and his progenitors for several generations, I anticipate with pleasing expectation that retreat in which I promise myself to realize, without alloy, the sweet enjoyment of partaking, in the midst of my fellow-citizens, the benign influence of good laws under a free government, the ever-favorite object of my heart, and the happy reward, as I trust, of our mutual cares, labors, and dangers.
Washington goes on to urge the American people to take advantage of their isolated position in the world, and to avoid attachments and entanglements in foreign affairs, especially those of Europe, which he argues have little or nothing to do with the interests of America.George Washington's Farewell Address announced that he would not seek a third term as president.
Originally published in David C. Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser on September 19,Washington devoted much of the address to domestic issues of the time, warning against the rise of political parties and sectionalism as a threat to national unity.
“The Nation, which indulges towards another an habitual hatred, or an habitual fondness, is in some degree a slave. It is a slave to its animosity or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its duty and its interest. Washington composed in a “Farewell Address” his political testament to the nation.
Designed to inspire and guide future generations, the address also set forth Washington’s defense of his administration’s record and embodied a classic statement of Federalist doctrine.
Washington’s principal concern was. Washington's farewell address. New York, New York Public Library, pg. ; Courtesy of the Milstein Division of United States History, Local History & Genealogy, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden dominicgaudious.netees: In his farewell Presidential address, George Washington advised American citizens to view themselves as a cohesive unit and avoid political parties and issued a special warning to be wary of attachments and entanglements with other nations.
of political foes, George Washington announced his decision not to seek a third term. With the assistance of Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, Washington composed in a “Farewell Address” his political testament to the nation.
Designed to inspire and guide future genera- WASHINGTON’S FAREWELL ADDRESS .Download