In spite of the extravagant direction given to this enthusiasm, in spite of the crimes and follies in which it lost itself, the French Revolution derives from the force, truth, and universality of the ideas which it took for its law, and from the passion with which it could inspire a multitude for these ideas, a unique and still living power; it is,—it will probably long remain,—the greatest, the most animating event in history.
Now obviously there is a peril for poor human nature in words and thoughts of such exuberant self-satisfaction, until we find ourselves safe in the streets of the Celestial City. Let us try a more disinterested mode of seeing them; let us betake ourselves more to the serener life of the mind and spirit.
Well, Function of criticism, am I to alter my definition of criticism, in order to meet the requirements of a number of practising English critics, who, after all, are free in their choice of a business?
It is only in this way that criticism becomes a co-operative activity, the critic of one age cooperates with critics of the previous ages in common pursuit of truth. Criticism and the Creative Faculty In the fourth part, Eliot deals with the problem of criticism in all its manifold aspects.
It does not hurt him that Dr. There can be no creative criticism. Our ease, our travelling, and our unbounded liberty to hold just as hard and securely as we please to the practice to which our notions have given birth, all tend to beget an inclination to deal a little more freely with these notions themselves, to canvass them a little, to penetrate a little into their real nature.
Everybody, too, would be willing to admit, as a general proposition, that the critical faculty is lower than the inventive. But is it true that criticism is really, in itself, a baneful and injurious employment; is it true that all time given to writing critiques on the works of others would be much better employed if it were given to original composition, of whatever kind this may be?
It does not hurt him that Dr. The function of criticism is to educate taste or, as Eliot puts it elsewhere, to promote enjoyment and understanding of literature. Every one knows the British College of Health; it is that building with the lion Function of criticism the statue of the Goddess Hygeia before it; at least I am sure about the lion, though I am not absolutely certain about the Goddess Hygeia.
I ask you whether, the world over or in past history, there is anything like it? This building does credit, perhaps, to the resources of Dr. Let us have no nonsense about independent criticism, and intellectual Function of criticism, and the few and the many.
First, a critic must know about the life and world before writing anything and see the things as they are. This is one thing to be kept in mind. It is that practical considerations cling to it and stifle it.
I lately heard a man of thought and energy contrasting the want of ardor and movement which he now found amongst young men in this country with what he remembered in his own youth, twenty years ago. For the Englishman in general is like my friend the Member of Parliament, and believes, point-blank, that for a thing to be an anomaly is absolutely no objection to it whatever.
And what is that but saying that we too, all of us, as individuals, the more thoroughly we carry it out, shall make the more progress? He believed that European literature, right from the very beginning of literature to the present day, formed a single literary tradition without any break.
It must express dissatisfaction even with well-meant efforts of the practical spirit if in the sphere of the ideal they seem lacking. Do you want to encourage to the attack of a brother liberal his, and your, and our implacable enemies, the Church and State Review or the Record,—the High Church rhinoceros and the Evangelical hyena?
But neither Sir Charles Adderley nor Mr. But it is undeniable, also, that men may have the sense of exercising this free creative activity in other ways than in producing great works of literature or art; if it were not so, all but a very few men would be shut out from the true happiness of all men.
Flutterings of curiosity, in the foreign sense of the word, appear amongst us, and it is in these that criticism must look to find its account.
It obeys an instinct prompting it to try to know the best that is known and thought in the world, irrespectively of practice, politics, and everything of the kind; and to value knowledge and thought as they approach this best, without the intrusion of any other considerations whatever.
How is Cobbett 22 to say this and not be misunderstood, blackened as he is with the smoke of a lifelong conflict in the field of political practice? He also states that individual writers and individual literary works have significance only when seen in relation to this tradition. Arnold's criticism usually involved poetry; his support of literary criticism greatly influenced the literary world, building a new appreciation for its practice.
However, critics like Coleridge and Goethe corrupt by offering opinions and fancy. The English critic of literature, therefore, must dwell much on foreign thought, and with particular heed on any part of it, which, while significant and fruitful in itself, is for any reason specially likely to escape him.
The same may be said of the religions of the future of Miss Cobbe and others. And at some epochs no other creation is possible. That would be making criticism lend itself just to one of those alien practical considerations, which, I have said, are so fatal to it.Matthew Arnold was a poet and educator.
Inhe was named Professor of Poetry at Oxford. Inhe was named Professor of Poetry at Oxford. More: TS Eliot’s essay, ‘The Function of Criticism’, is also in The Fortnightly, here.
The function of the critic is to not just criticize a work of art or to pass judgment, but to present the facts so that the reader may make his or her own judgment.
The Function of Criticism at the Present Times by Matthew Arnold Summary Home / English Notes / Essay / The Function of Criticism at the Present Times by Matthew Arnold Summary Read this article to know about the summary of The Function of Criticism at the Present Time by Matthew Arnold.
Eliot argues that the function of criticism is “elucidation of works of art and the correction of taste.” He sees criticism as an impersonal process, and argues that rather than expressing a critic's emotions about or impressions of a work, criticism is grounded in fact.
of results for "function of criticism" The Function of Criticism: Problems and Exercises Jan 1, by Yvor Winters. Paperback. $ $ 11 95 Prime. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. Temporarily out of stock. Order now and we'll deliver when available.
More Buying Choices. S. Eliot’s essay “The Function of Criticism” () is a work of angry intelligence: it reads as if it were written under duress.
Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent.Download